Herniated Disc Surgery: What to Expect During the Procedure


Herniated disc surgery, also known as discectomy, is a procedure performed to relieve the symptoms and discomfort associated with a herniated disc. If your doctor has recommended this surgery, it’s essential to understand what to expect during the procedure.

  1. Preoperative Preparation: Before the surgery, your healthcare provider will conduct a series of preoperative tests to ensure you are in the best possible condition for the procedure. You will also discuss the surgical technique to be used, any precio operacion hernia discal potential risks, and postoperative expectations.
  2. Anesthesia: Herniated disc surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia, which means you will be unconscious during the procedure. In some cases, local or regional anesthesia may be used to numb the specific area, allowing the patient to stay awake but pain-free.
  3. Incision: The surgeon will make a small incision over the affected disc. In minimally invasive procedures like microdiscectomy, the incision is smaller, and a tiny camera may be used to guide the surgeon.
  4. Removal of Herniated Disc Material: The primary goal of the surgery is to relieve pressure on the compressed nerve by removing the portion of the herniated disc that is causing the issue. The surgeon may use surgical instruments to carefully excise the damaged disc material.
  5. Closure: After the damaged disc material is removed, the surgeon will close the incision with stitches or staples. The type of closure may vary depending on the surgical technique used.
  6. Recovery and Postoperative Care: Most herniated disc surgeries are performed on an outpatient basis, allowing patients to return home the same day. However, some may require a short hospital stay. Recovery time varies, but most patients can resume light activities within a few weeks and gradually increase their physical activity as guided by their healthcare provider.
  7. Postoperative Follow-Up: Patients will need to attend postoperative follow-up appointments to monitor their progress and ensure proper healing. Physical therapy and rehabilitation may be recommended to regain strength and mobility.

It’s important to note that while herniated disc surgery can provide relief from pain and discomfort, it is not without risks, and outcomes can vary. Discuss the procedure thoroughly with your healthcare provider and ask any questions you may have before making a decision.

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